CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW)
The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is a treaty adopted by the UN in 1979 and put into force September 3, 1981.
The Convention defines discrimination against women as:
Any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.
CEDAW outlines an agenda for an end to sex-based discrimination by requiring signatory nations to enforce gender equality, eliminate prejudices and take measures, such as new legislation, to guarantee women protection against discrimination, coercion, and lack of education.
President Jimmy Carter signed the treaty on July 17, 1980. However, the Senate has not ratified it, making the U.S. the only developed nation that has not ratified the treaty.
Organizations advocating the ratification of CEDAW include:
CEDAW 2012 www.cedaw2010.com
Feminist Majority Foundation www.feminist.org
National Organization for Women www.now.org
Center for Reproductive Rights www.reproductiverights.org
The Better World Campaign www.betterworldcampaign.org
National Women’s Law Center www.nwlc.org
The Leadership Conference www.civilrights.org
Citizens for Global Solutions www.org2.democracyinaction.org
Berkeley Law at UCB www.law.berkeley.edu